▼项目概览，project overview ©苏圣亮
Buildings 1, 2 and 3 of Chongming Sports Training Center, which located in Chongming Island, Shanghai, are the starting of the core axis of the first phase of Chongming National Sports Training Base. The orientation of the training base is to build a international advanced, domestic first-class, high-tech and multi-functional modern national-level sports training base with “training, scientific research, medical treatment and education”. Among them, Buildings 1, 2 and 3 are public service facilities supporting the professional training area. Building 1 is the athlete’s apartment and management building, Building 2 is the scientific research building, and Building 3 is the teaching building. Under the background of ecological island, the design pays attention to the proposition of building ecological experiment. It explores the synergistic relationship among environment, architecture and system based on performance, and tries to provide a sample of ecological experiment for the architectural paradigm of Chongming “International Ecological Island”.
▼整体俯瞰，aerial view ©苏圣亮
▼1号楼外观，building 1 exterior view ©苏圣亮
▼从中央绿轴看向2、3号楼，view to building 2 and building 3 from the central green axis ©苏圣亮
Chongming is an important ecological barrier for Shanghai facing the Yangtze river estuary, providing a future-oriented buffer space between the highly urbanized and natural systems.
Chongming national sports training base is located in the transition zone between the edge of the town and a large area of farmland and wetland. Under the influence of urban construction, the urban texture tends to be homogeneous, which forms a sharp contrast with the complex and diverse ecological environment.
▼基地所处湿地与城镇过渡地带，the transition zone between wetlands and towns where the base is located ©苏圣亮
▼建筑集群布局模型，building group model ©ATELIER L+
▼风环境模拟，wind simulation ©ATELIER L+
Building group layout pays attention to the climate response, adopts the overall ecological simulation calculation of the environment, and takes wind, light and sunshine as the basic parameters to evaluate and optimize the system performance. The design adopts the retention strategy of taking advantage of the situation to create a flexible interface between the three buildings and become the corridor leading the wind direction of the site in summer. The wetland water surface also acts as a thermodynamic medium to cool the temperature, providing a variety of ecological wetland natural systems for building clusters.
▼响应气候的建筑集群布局，climate responsive architectural layout ©苏圣亮
The curved interface of buildings 2 and 3 promotes the summer monsoon flow. The overhead structure is adopted at the bottom floor, allowing the wetland to extend into the courtyard of the building, forming the infiltration of the courtyard with natural wind direction.
▼2号楼弧形界面及底层架空，curved interface and overhead floor of building 2 ©苏圣亮
▼2号楼内部庭院鸟瞰，aerial view of the internal courtyard of building 2 ©苏圣亮
▼2号楼内部庭院，internal courtyard of building 2 ©苏圣亮
▼3号楼内部庭院鸟瞰，aerial view of the internal courtyard of building 3 ©苏圣亮
▼3号楼内部庭院，internal courtyard of building 3 ©苏圣亮
Building 1 is equipped with a sunken courtyard in combination with the restaurant on the ground floor, which can guide the wind to enter the internal space and atrium through the opening of the building facade.
▼1号楼下沉庭院，sunken courtyard of building 1 ©苏圣亮
At the same time, the south-facing architectural form of building 1 is reversed from bottom to top to maximize the smooth natural wind and the south-facing sunshine of the upper office.
▼1号楼立面，Building 1 facade ©苏圣亮
▼自下而上的扭转最大化获得上部办公的南向日照，the south-facing architectural form is reversed from bottom to top to maximize the south-facing sunshine of the upper office ©苏圣亮
▼1号楼立面细部，Building 1 facade detailed view ©苏圣亮
The facade adopts the form of 45-degree facade folding window
▼45度折窗形式， 45-degree facade folding window ©苏圣亮
▼1号楼立面细部，Building 1 facade detailed view ©苏圣亮
▼1号楼东侧拔风井风速图，wind speed map of the draft shaft on the east side of building 1 ©ATELIER L+
Thermodynamic chimney mechanism is adopted in atrium space of building 1, and natural ventilation organization is realized by means of space shaft and solar heating plate at the top. According to the climate characteristics of hot summer and cold winter, humid summer and strong sunshine, the interior space of the building has realized the composite and multi-level environmental performance design in the overall system by combining with the seasonal and temporal strategies of the atrium.
▼1号楼剖面模型，profile model of Building 1 ©ATELIER L+
▼1号楼中庭，atrium of Building 1 ©苏圣亮
▼2号楼室内，interior view of building 2 ©苏圣亮
▼3号楼室内，interior view of building 3 ©苏圣亮
▼从湿地方向看向1、2、3号楼 view to building 1, 2 and 3 from the wetland ©苏圣亮
▼总平面图，site plan ©ATELIER L+
▼整体一层平面图，ground floor overall plan ©ATELIER L+
▼南立面图，south elevation ©ATELIER L+
▼剖面图，section ©ATELIER L+
项目设计 & 完成年份：2013.10-2019.02
Project name: Building 1, 2, and 3 of Shanghai Chongming Sports Training Base Phase I
Design: Tongji university architectural design and research institute (group) co. LTD, ATELIER L+
Contact e-mail: [email protected]
Design year & Completion Year: 2013.10-2019.02
Leader designer & Team: Li Linxue(Leader), Liu Yang, Zhou Kaifeng, Wang Yanwen, Wu Qi, Ni Runer, Liulin.etc
Project location: Chongming district, Shanghai
Gross Built Area: 41700 square meters
Photo credits: Su Shengliang